CentOS7 安装Cisco anyconnect VPN

AnyConnect 有以下优势:
待机不会断开 能够下发路由表给客户端 稳定 耗电量较低

安装 ocserv (OpenConnect server) ocserv 是一个 OpenConnect SSL VPN 协议服务端,0.3.0 版后兼容使用 AnyConnect SSL VPN 协议的终端。
官方主页:http://www.infradead.org/ocserv/

ocserv 已经在 epel 仓库中提供了,所以可以直接通过 yum 安装
yum install epel-release yum install ocserv

一.生成证书 1.创建工作文件夹
mkdir anyconnect cd anyconnect

2.生成 CA 证书
certtool --generate-privkey --outfile ca-key.pem
cat >ca.tmpl < cn = "Leif CA"
organization = "Leif"
serial = 1
expirationdays = 3650
ca
signing
key
cert_signing_key
crl_signing_key
EOF
certtool --generate-self-signed --load-privkey ca-key.pem --template ca.tmpl --outfile ca-cert.pem
把生成的 ca-cert.pem 放到 /etc/ocserv/ 中 cp ca-cert.pem /etc/ocserv/

3.生成本地服务器证书
certtool --generate-privkey --outfile server-key.pem
cat >server.tmpl < cn = "leif.inc"
organization = "Leif"
serial = 2
expirationdays = 3650
encryption
key
signing_key
tls_www_server
EOF
certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey server-key.pem --load-ca-certificate ca-cert.pem --load-ca-privkey ca-key.pem --template server.tmpl --outfile server-cert.pem
把生成的 server-cert.pem 和 server-key.pem 放到 /etc/ocserv/ 中 cp server-cert.pem server-key.pem /etc/ocserv/

4.生成客户端证书创建 gen-client-cert.sh 如下

!/bin/bash

USER=$1
CADIR=$2
SERIAL=date +%s
certtool --generate-privkey --outfile $USER-key.pem
cat << _EOF
>user.tmpl
cn = "$USER"
unit = "users"
serial = "$SERIAL"
expirationdays = 9999
signing
key
tls_www_client
EOF
certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey $USER-key.pem --load-ca-certificate $CADIR/ca-cert.pem --load-ca-privkey $CADIR/ca-key.pem --template user.tmpl --outfile $USER-cert.pem
openssl pkcs12 -export -inkey $USER-key.pem -in $USER-cert.pem -name "$USER VPN Client Cert" -certfile $CA_DIR/ca-cert.pem -out $USER.p12

5.创建用户文件夹并调用 gen-client-cert.sh 生成证书
mkdir user
cd user
user 指的是用户名,.. 指的是 ca 证书所在的目录 ../gen-client-cert.sh user ..

按提示设置证书使用密码,或直接回车不设密码

最后,通过 http 服务器或其他方式将 user.p12 传输给客户端导入即可

  1. 配置 ocserv /etc/ocserv/ocserv.conf如下 no-route表示国内路由不走VPN
    auth = "plain[passwd=/etc/ocserv/ocpasswd]"
    enable-auth = "certificate"
    server-cert = /etc/ocserv/server-cert.pem
    server-key = /etc/ocserv/server-key.pem
    ca-cert = /etc/ocserv/ca-cert.pem
    cert-user-oid = 2.5.4.3
    max-clients = 16
    max-same-clients = 10

run-as-user = nobody
run-as-group = nobody

try-mtu-discovery = true

server-cert = /etc/ocserv/server-cert.pem
server-key = /etc/ocserv/server-key.pem
dns = 8.8.8.8

socket-file = /var/run/ocserv-socket
device = eth-vpn

ipv4-network = 192.168.100.0
ipv4-netmask = 255.255.255.0

tcp-port = 18443
udp-port = 18443

no-route = 1.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 1.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 1.112.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 1.176.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 1.192.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 14.0.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 14.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 14.128.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 14.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 27.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 27.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 27.128.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 27.176.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 27.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 27.224.0.0/255.252.0.0
no-route = 36.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 36.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 36.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 36.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 36.240.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 39.0.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 39.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 39.96.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 39.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 40.72.0.0/255.254.0.0
no-route = 40.124.0.0/255.252.0.0
no-route = 42.0.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 42.48.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 42.80.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 42.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 42.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 43.224.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 45.65.16.0/255.255.240.0
no-route = 45.112.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 45.248.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 47.92.0.0/255.252.0.0
no-route = 47.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 49.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 49.128.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 49.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 52.80.0.0/255.252.0.0
no-route = 54.222.0.0/255.254.0.0
no-route = 58.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 58.128.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 58.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 58.240.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 59.32.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 59.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 59.96.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 59.144.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 59.160.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 59.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 60.0.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 60.48.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 60.160.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 60.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 61.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 61.80.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 61.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 61.224.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 91.234.36.0/255.255.255.0
no-route = 101.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 101.128.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 101.192.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 101.224.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 103.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 106.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 106.224.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 110.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 110.144.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 110.160.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 110.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 111.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 111.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 111.112.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 111.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 111.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 111.224.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 112.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 112.128.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 112.192.0.0/255.252.0.0
no-route = 112.224.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 113.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 113.128.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 113.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 114.16.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 114.48.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 114.64.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 114.128.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 114.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 115.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 116.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 117.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 117.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 118.16.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 118.64.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 118.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 119.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 119.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 119.224.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 120.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 120.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 120.128.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 120.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 121.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 121.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 122.0.0.0/254.0.0.0
no-route = 124.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 125.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 125.160.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 125.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 137.59.59.0/255.255.255.0
no-route = 137.59.88.0/255.255.252.0
no-route = 139.0.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 139.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 140.64.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 140.128.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 140.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 144.0.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 144.12.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 144.48.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 144.123.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 144.255.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 146.196.0.0/255.255.128.0
no-route = 150.0.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 150.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 150.128.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 150.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 152.104.128.0/255.255.128.0
no-route = 153.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 153.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 157.0.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 157.18.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 157.61.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 157.112.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 157.144.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 157.255.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 159.226.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 160.19.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 160.20.48.0/255.255.252.0
no-route = 160.202.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 160.238.64.0/255.255.252.0
no-route = 161.207.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 162.105.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 163.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 163.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 163.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 163.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 164.52.0.0/255.255.128.0
no-route = 166.111.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 167.139.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 167.189.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 167.220.244.0/255.255.252.0
no-route = 168.160.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 170.179.0.0/255.255.0.0
no-route = 171.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 171.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 175.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 175.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 180.64.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 180.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 182.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 183.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 183.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 183.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 192.124.154.0/255.255.255.0
no-route = 192.140.128.0/255.255.128.0
no-route = 195.78.82.0/255.255.254.0
no-route = 202.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 202.128.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 202.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 203.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 210.0.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 210.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 210.160.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 210.192.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 211.64.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 211.80.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 211.96.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 211.136.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 211.144.0.0/255.240.0.0
no-route = 211.160.0.0/255.248.0.0
no-route = 216.250.108.0/255.255.252.0
no-route = 218.0.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 218.160.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 218.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 219.64.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 219.128.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 219.192.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 220.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 220.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 221.0.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 221.96.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 221.128.0.0/255.128.0.0
no-route = 222.0.0.0/255.0.0.0
no-route = 223.0.0.0/255.224.0.0
no-route = 223.64.0.0/255.192.0.0
no-route = 223.128.0.0/255.128.0.0

6.创建用户
username为你要添加的用户名
sudo ocpasswd -c /etc/ocserv/ocpasswd username

7.配置系统设置
开启内核转发 sed -i 's/net.ipv4.ipforward = 0/net.ipv4.ipforward = 1/g' /etc/sysctl.conf
sysctl -p
配置 iptables NAT转发规则 iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j MASQUERADE

8.测试
现在我们可以开启服务器试试了 ocserv -c /etc/ocserv/ocserv.conf -f -d 1
拿起你的 iOS 设备,下载思科的 AnyConnect 客户端,连接你的服务器(IP和端口)。 出现问题可以看debug的返回信息,如果信息不详细,可以把 1 改成 10。

如果没有问题,那么就可以配置成开机运行了

systemctl enable ocserv systemctl start ocserv